Click here to listen to Dr. Shenkman talk about the WIN grant on WUFT-FM/NPR.
Click here to read this story on the College of Medicine website.
Joining a gym to log in hours on the elliptical or hiring a nutritionist for sage guidance are good ideas to shed pounds, but are typically too pricey for people with low incomes, as are many programs geared toward boosting wellness.
University of Florida researchers have received a $9.9 million grant from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Texas State Health and Human Services Commission to test whether increasing access to wellness services like these could improve the health of patients already facing physical and mental health conditions.
Study subjects who take part in the Texas Wellness Incentives and Navigation project will receive a small stipend to pay for items such as gym memberships, tools to quit smoking or even a simple bathroom scale. They also will work closely with a navigator who will help them set goals and identify health risks, said Elizabeth Shenkman, Ph.D.,
“We know that patients with co-morbid physical and mental health conditions are at particularly high risk for a shortened lifespan, a sedentary lifestyle,
For each year of the three-year study, participants will receive a $1,150 debit card to use on various wellness services and products, based on the plan each makes with his or her personal navigator.
Using a counseling technique called motivational interviewing, navigators will coach participants and help them determine what services they need and what steps they need to take to achieve a healthy lifestyle. Participants will meet with their navigators once a month.
“The utilization of motivational interviewing has been shown to be effective in improving patient engagement in and commitment to the treatment process in numerous clinical contexts, including in health care settings,” said Carson Ham, Ph.D., a UF psychologist and expert on motivational interviewing.
The researchers are developing an electronic form that will not only help assess patients’ risks and needs, but also will be geo-coded to provide links to resources in the specific areas where patients live.
“Many of these patients have transportation issues that affect their access to services, too,” Shenkman said.
The study is one of ten the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently funded to assess how helpful financial incentives are in promoting wellness. After the studies are complete, the most effective projects will be used as models for the rest of the country.
Keeping the ability to serve as a model in mind, UF researchers are working in concert with three health plans in Houston that handle Medicaid. The navigators are working with patients through the three health plans as part of the grant.
“We want the project to take place in a context where it could be implemented in other settings,” Shenkman said.
To measure the success of the study, researchers will examine several key outcomes, such as whether it reduces visits to the emergency room. They will also monitor participant’s blood pressure and cholesterol levels and total health care expenditures. If health benefits and cost savings are achieved, hiring health navigators and providing small stipends for wellness up front could save money down the road by keeping patients out of hospitals, Shenkman said.
“We are very excited about this partnership with the health plans, to really test a novel program and see what works best,” Shenkman said. “This is a phenomenal opportunity.”